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Europe

G7 set to launch green alternative to China’s Belt and Road | Source: Al Jazeera

The G7 is expected to launch a ‘Clean Green Initiative’ to rival China’s Belt and Road Initiative when leaders meet at a summit next week in UK. The strategy would provide a framework to support sustainable development and the green transition in developing countries. Germany, France and Italy are keen for it to support activities in Africa, while the U.S. is pushing for action in Latin America and Asia. Japan argues for more focus on the Indo-Pacific region.

Source: Al Jazeera


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Expert Analysis

Poland’s Counterproductive Foreign Policy Is Responsible For Its Present Predicament

Poland’s Counterproductive Foreign Policy Is Responsible For Its Present Predicament

2 JUNE 2021

Poland

Poland’s counterproductive foreign policy of depending so much on former US President Trump’s re-election, ruining relations with Russia, and openly opposing Moscow’s Nord Stream II gas pipeline with Germany are responsible for its present predicament wherein the leading Central European country now finds itself in an extremely disadvantageous geopolitical position.

No country is more upset than Poland is at US President Biden for passively allowing the Nord Stream II gas pipeline to finish construction with only the most superficial of sanctions. Its representatives have described the project as both a threat to energy security and also most recently “a gas bomb placed under European integration” due to Warsaw’s belief that Moscow will capriciously cut off the tap to its Western customers. The Eurasian Great Power would never do such a thing since it’s arguably just as dependent on its customers as they are on Russia, if not more considering its disproportionate budgetary dependence on such energy sales, which Poland is well aware of.

What worries Warsaw the most, however, is that Moscow and Berlin might “collude” with one another to jointly “manage” the geostrategic Central & Eastern European (CEE) space across which Poland envisions itself becoming the regional leader through the “Three Seas Initiative” (3SI) that it leads as well as that structure’s “Lublin Triangle” core. Poland had hitherto based almost the entirety of its recent foreign policy on former US President Trump’s re-election due to his desire to stop Nord Stream II in order to compel Europe to purchase more expensive US LNG. It also appreciated his support of the 3SI, which irked Germany because Berlin is adamantly against Poland flexing its geopolitical muscles in CEE.

In pursuit of its goal to stop Poland from regaining its historical regional hegemonic status and perhaps even expanding it beyond its prior “sphere of influence”, Germany has been waging an ongoing Hybrid War on Poland intended to overthrow its conservative-nationalist government. The Biden Administration also seems unsupportive of Poland’s current authorities at the very least, if not silently hostile even if only for simple ideological reasons. Nevertheless, both Germany and the US appreciate Poland for playing a leading role in the West’s Hybrid War on neighboring Belarus, which advances very important anti-Russian foreign policy goals. Warsaw isn’t just doing this to please them, but as part of its hegemonic ambitions through the 3SI.

The problem for Poland is that it already burned all of its bridges with Russia so it’s incapable of realistically balancing with Moscow against an increasingly hostile Berlin and perhaps soon even an equally hostile Washington, the latter two of which behave as “frenemies” by being “cordial” for the most part in public but extremely pernicious behind the scenes. Germany’s Hybrid War on Poland through its support of the liberal-globalist Color Revolution opposition pairs perfectly with what Poland regards as the US’ so-called “betrayal” through Nord Stream II and Warsaw’s suspicions of Washington’s grand strategic motives ahead of the upcoming Putin-Biden Summit to put Poland in a very disadvantageous position.

The country’s “negative nationalism”, which builds a large part of its contemporary nationalism solely around its differences (whether real, imagined, or exaggerated) with Russia, blinded it to the strategic shortcomings of its prior policies and resulted in Poland counterproductively burning its bridges with Moscow with passion. Poland recently enhanced its military cooperation with Turkey through a combat drone deal which might in the future provide some pragmatic balancing options considering Ankara’s problems with both Berlin and Washington, but the West Asian country could never repair Warsaw’s balancing act like a rapprochement with Moscow could. That latter option is unlikely though for the earlier mentioned reasons, but it remains the most optimal.

Should Poland ever be able to muster up the political will to stop meddling in Russia’s “Near Abroad” (Belarus & Ukraine), then a breakthrough might in theory be achieved, but this is regrettably unrealistic to expect from the country since it’s convinced itself that its national security is dependent on countering Russian-friendly forces in those two neighboring nations between them. Poland as a state is simply too psychologically traumatized by its history with Russia to ever trust Moscow’s strategic intentions, which was exploited by Germany and the US in order to take advantage of this leading CEE country without its leaders even realizing it until it was too late. This leads to the worst-case scenario from its perspective.

Poland now might have to confront the prospect of being compelled by circumstances to pragmatically deal with Russia if Biden makes progress on advancing a so-called “New Detente” during his upcoming summit with President Putin. Moscow would hold more cards in this case than Warsaw could since the latter couldn’t rely as much on Berlin or Washington to support its regionally destabilizing Russophobic foreign policy to the same extent as before considering the perceived consequences of Nord Stream II’s impending completion. At the same time though, Germany and the US might continue pushing Poland to meddle in Russia’s “Near Abroad”, hoping that if anything goes wrong, then Warsaw can just take the fall for it instead of them.

To put it bluntly, Poland is damned if it does, damned if it doesn’t, and this dilemma vexes its strategists. They riskily bet everything on former US President Trump’s re-election, only to have their entire grand strategy suddenly sabotaged by Biden. They’re too deep into their regional Russophobic destabilization operations in Belarus and Ukraine to pull back now, at least without “losing face” among their people, yet even a pragmatic recalibration of their politics could be seen by their citizens as having been done under so-called “geopolitical duress”, which might reduce the ruling party’s domestic support among certain nationalist forces. Although the ruling party is still pretty popular, its coalition might crack in the future under such foreign pressures.

These considerations make it very difficult to suggest the optimal course of action for Poland since there might be some heavy costs for it either way. All told, though, it would objectively be best if Poland began exploring the options for an incipient rapprochement with Russia even if only for pragmatism’s sake, perhaps seeking solely to agree to so-called “rules of engagement” for “managing” their competition in Belarus and Ukraine. In any case, Poland should seriously consider taking the initiative in independently engaging Russia without Germany or the US’ approval since neither of those two sought Poland’s in doing what they recently did. If Poland aspires for regional leadership, then it’s about time that it starts acting more like a leader and less like a follower.

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By Andrew Korybko

American political analyst

Tags: Poland, Germany, Russia, US, Nord Stream II, Balancing, Three Seas Initiative, 3SI, Lublin Triangle.


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Africa

Russia Resumes Oil Production In Libya | Source: Warsaw Institute

Gazprom has resumed crude oil production in Libya under its joint venture agreement with Germany’s Wintershall Dea. Oil production facilities reopened after a ten-month hiatus amid a fragile political and military situation in Libya that indeed shook the country’s oil exports.

Source: Warsaw Institute


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Eurasia

Russia resumes gas supply to Turkey | Source: Neftegaz Ru

Russian gas producer Gazprom has resumed supplies to Turkey via the Blue Stream gas pipeline. Turkey is currently importing approximately 50 % of its gas needs from Russia, making Ankara the 2nd most valuable market for Russian gas after Germany.

Source: Neftegaz Ru


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Europe

After Brexit, China has replaced Germany as the UK’s biggest trading partner | Source: Euronews

Shoppers pass a sale sign in a shop window on Oxford Street in London, Aug. 13, 2020.

China overtook Germany to become the UK’s biggest import market as trade in goods with European Union member states plunged because of Brexit and the COVID-19 pandemic, official data show.

Source: Euronews


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#9| GGN News on Geopolitics and Geoeconomics: Weekly Top 10.(From May 14 to May 20, 2021)

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Europe

US waives sanctions on Nord Stream 2 project | SOURCE: KHL

Two overlapping pipe ends of a pipe string have to be raised and cut on a pipelay ship before they can be welded together Source: Nord Stream 2 / Axel Schmidt

The US government has agreed to waive the sanctions it imposed on the company building the Nord Stream 2 gas pipeline, the project that will see natural gas transported from Russia to Germany, via the Baltic Sea. The US has long been sceptical of the project, claiming Russia’s motives for supplying gas to Europe are as much geopolitical as economic.

SOURCE: KHL



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Europe

Merkel Says Biden Took Step Closer to Germany on Nord Stream 2 | SOURCE: BLOOMBERG

A construction worker passes between pipework on the European Gas Pipeline Link (EUGAL) Radeland 2 compressor station, which accommodates downstream gas flows from the Nord Stream 2 project, in Radeland, Germany, on Tuesday, Sept. 22, 2020. Nord Stream 2, which is designed to carry as much as 55 billion cubic meters of Gazprom PJSC’s gas to the EU every year, is seen by opponents as the Kremlin tightening its energy grip on the region. Photographer: Krisztian Bocsi/Bloomberg.

German Chancellor Angela Merkel has welcomed the decision by U.S. president Joe Biden to drop most of the sanctions against the disputed Nord stream 2 pipeline project. However, Germany and the U.S. continue to have different views of the disputed project, Merkel made clear.

SOURCE: BLOOMBERG



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WHAT IS HAPPENING IN GEOECONOMICS? (APRIL 2021)

ASIA PACIFIC:

  • China is trying to reshape its pharmaceutical industry and take on an unprecedented role as a major vaccine supplier to the rest of the world in light of the ongoing Covid-19 pandemic.

SOURCE: SOUTH CHINA MORNING POST

  • Australia has cancelled two deals struck by its state of Victoria with China on cooperation with Beijing’s flagship Belt and Road Initiative. China has imposed before a series of trade sanctions on Australian exports ranging from wine to coal.

SOURCE: REUTERS

  • China’s top economic planner has warned that the impact of Covid-19 and increased political risks in countries taking part in the Belt and Road Initiative are among the main challenges the multibillion-dollar project faces in the next five years.

SOURCE: SOUTH CHINA MORNING POST

  • US sanctions Chinese computer makers as tech war heats up. The measure is the latest sign President Joe Biden is sticking to the tough line taken by his predecessor, Donald Trump, toward Chinese tech industries seen by Washington as potential threats.

SOURCE: TRT

  • Taiwan says its chip firms will adhere to new U.S. rules blacklisting China supercomputing entities.

SOURCE: REUTERS

  • China’s Huawei sales downed 16.5% amid US sanctions.

SOURCE: AP NEWS

  • The United States imposed sanctions against Myanmar’s state-owned timber and pearl industries as the Biden administration seeks to cut key financial resources to the military junta as it violently cracks down on protesters opposing its February coup.

SOURCE: UPI


SOUTHERN ASIA:

  • India will begin full-scale operations in its first foreign port venture at Iran’s Chabahar. It represents a potent commercial challenge to China’s massive port investment in neighboring Pakistan’s Gwadar, a key component of the BRI.

SOURCE: TEHRAN TIMES

  • China is planning a mega dam in Tibet stoking fears in neighbouring India that in reactions has floated the prospect of building another dam on the Brahmaputra.

SOURCE: TIMES OF INDIA

  • President Joe Biden met growing calls in India to provide aid regarding Covid-19. Nevertheless, the U.S. action was seen as coming too late for an administration that has sought to elevate its security partnership with India against China.

SOURCE: BNN BLOOMBERG

  • India has emerged as the top buyer of US crude in the first quarter of calendar year 2021, after Saudi Arabia staved off India’s request to boost production to cool prices.

SOURCE: THE HINDU BISINESS LINE

  • India is expecting to restart EU-India talks on trade and investment, to improve relations to end dependence on China.

SOURCE: EURACTIV

  • Pakistan would sign with Iran a Memorandum of Understanding on trade development and opening more cross-border trade centers, as a major step in strengthening bilateral relations.

SOURCE: IRNA

  • Russia is going to supply LNG to Pakistan, as part of its plan to deep bilateral ties, including in energy and trade.

SOURCE: RT


MIDDLE EAST:

  • Russian Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov is due to pay a visit to Iran to sign an action plan for economic cooperation.

SOURCE: IRNA


EUROPE:

  • EU lawmakers had voted in favor of the agreement with Britain on post-Brexit trade arrangements.

SOURCE: THE EPOCH TIMES

  • The White House is in talks to appoint a special envoy to lead negotiations on halting the construction of Russia-to-Germany gas pipeline Nord Stream 2, as Washington looks for ways to hinder completion of the pipe set to deliver Russian gas to Europe bypassing Ukraine.

SOURCE: UNIAN

  • German Foreign Minister opposed to new sanctions on Russia, which has been the willing participant in the Nord Stream 2 gas pipeline project. 

SOURCE: ITELLINEWS

  • A Hungarian oil and gas firm is about to give Russia a chance to bypass the Ukrainian gas transit and encircle the Central and Eastern European gas market.

SOURCE: VISEGRADINSIGHT EU


AFRICA:

  • Russia is using vaccine diplomacy in the Maghreb and North Africa to stand out as a serious partner to the countries of the region.

SOURCE: AL MONITOR

  • French energy company Total halted operations on its $20 billion investment in a liquefied natural gas project in northern Mozambique after ISIS attacks and repeated rebel insurgency.

SOURCE: THE NATIONAL NEWS


LATIN AMERICA:

  • China bought three-quarters of all Venezuelan oil exports despite buying oil from Venezuela is prohibited by the U.S. Treasury Department.

SOURCE: NATIONAL REVIEW


brian

 

 By Bernardo Foster/

 International Relations Analyst


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Geoeconomics

EUROPE

GERMANY:

  • German Foreign Minister Heiko Maas said he is opposed to new sanctions on Russia.   Many EU member states would like to normalise relations with Russia, including Germany, which has been the willing participant in the Nord Stream 2 gas pipeline project and has just closed a deal to buy 30mn Sputnik V coronavirus (COVID-19) vaccine doses. 

SOURCE: ITELLINEWS


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