Categories
Latin America

CHINA EN AMÉRICA LATINA (PRINCIPALES NOTICIAS)

CHINA EN AMÉRICA LATINA (PRINCIPALES NOTICIAS)

October, 2021

INTERREGIONALES

  • El proyecto de China de expandir la Iniciativa de la Franja y la Ruta de la Seda en América latina tendrá competencia, de un proyecto – llamado Build Back Better World, o B3W- lanzado en la región por Estados Unidos, según reflejaron algunos medios durante el mes de octubre. El proyecto (que también regirá a nivel global) contempla mejorar la infraestructura regional para contrarrestar la creciente influencia de China en la región.
    • La iniciativa fue anunciada formalmente por los líderes del G-7 durante la cumbre en junio pasado. Su objetivo es contrarrestar la Iniciativa de la Franja y la Ruta de China, resaltando deliberadamente las distinciones entre las dos iniciativas, enfatizando asociaciones basadas en valores y transparencia.
    • En tanto, una delegación del gobierno de Estados Unidos habría viajado a América Latina para explorar proyectos de inversión en infraestructura, como parte de un plan para intentar contrarrestar la Iniciativa de la Franja y la Ruta de China (BRI) en la región.

Fuentes: World Politics Review 05 Oct 2021Global Times 20 Oct 2021

  • Estaría avanzando en América Latina una estratégica red de puertos controlada por China. En Perú, avanza a paso firme la construcción del Puerto de Chancay, operado por la empresa china Cosco, con una inversión estimada en USD 3.000 M, cuando las obras estén terminadas en 2024. En Brasil, habría operadores chinos interesados en una nueva serie programada de privatizaciones de puertos. Existen, además, varios proyectos portuarios con capitales chinos que están en carpeta para la región y, junto a ellos, también existen capitales chinos en puertos más pequeños, algunos privados, o en distintos tipos de infraestructura portuaria. También hay un megaproyecto impulsado por la firma Asia Pacific Xuanhao que contempla la reconstrucción del puerto de La Unión (relacionado a una zona de libre comercio a crear en el sureste de El Salvador, con accesos a Honduras y Nicaragua), aunque la iniciativa no estaría prosperando.
    • Entre los grandes puertos con inversiones chinas que ya operan en la Latinoamérica y el Caribe están los de Ensenada, Manzanillo, Lázaro Cárdenas y Veracruz, en México. En Bahamas, Freeport; en Jamaica, Kingston; en Panamá, Balboa y Colón; en Brasil, Paranaguá; y en Argentina, Buenos Aires.
    • Según otras fuentes (El Colombiano.com 20/10/2021), las empresas portuarias chinas han conseguido asentarse firmemente solo en Perú y en México, y existe un buen número de iniciativas portuarias con capitales chinos que están detenidos en la región por las consideraciones políticas.

Fuente: La Nación Oct 16 2021

  • Las empresas de energía controladas por el Estado chino están aumentando sus operaciones en Colombia, Ecuador y Venezuela, especialmente en relación al petróleo y al carbón.
    • En Venezuela, mientras Estados Unidos se mantiene firme en la aplicación de sanciones, la Corporación Nacional de Petróleo de China (CNPC) solicitó que PDVSA impulse la producción en cinco empresas conjuntas que tiene con la petrolera nacional de Venezuela en la Faja del Orinoco. Venezuela -miembro de la OPEP que posee las mayores reservas de petróleo del mundo- estima que con la ayuda de China podrá elevar sustancialmente su producción de petróleo crudo.
    • En Ecuador, China está extendiendo activamente su influencia principalmente en el sector petrolero. A fines de 2020, Beijing firmó un préstamo de USD 1.400 M respaldado por petróleo con el gobierno ecuatoriano. Los productores de petróleo controlados por el Estado chino ocupan una posición destacada en la industria petrolera upstream en Ecuador. China recibe alrededor del 13% de las exportaciones del país andino, principalmente petróleo crudo.
    • De Colombia (que estaría buscando unirse a la Iniciativa de la Franja y la Ruta de Beijing y que ya tiene a China como segundo socio comercial más importante, con 11% de las exportaciones del país andino y del 23% de sus importaciones) China estaría buscando demandar mayores cantidades de carbón térmico.

Fuente: Oil Price 05 Oct 2021


ARGENTINA

  • China está dispuesta a firmar un Memorando de Entendimiento con Argentina lo antes posible para promover aún más la sinergia de las estrategias de desarrollo de los dos países, según aseguró el ministro de Relaciones Exteriores de China, Wang Yi, que declaró que las dos partes deben fortalecer la cooperación en inversión y financiamiento, energía y minería, energía y otros campos, y ampliar la colaboración en nuevos campos como el aeroespacial, las comunicaciones, la Antártida y los océanos. Wang elogió, además, la respuesta activa de Argentina para la construcción conjunta de la Franja y la Ruta de la Seda.

Fuente: Global Times 31 Oct 2021

  • China estaría siendo evaluada por el gobierno argentino como alternativa para financiar la construcción de un nuevo gasoducto –denominado “Presidente Néstor Kirchner”- que saldrá desde la provincia de Neuquén, en las inmediaciones de Vaca Muerta.
    • La obra, que se desarrollará entre 2022 y 2025, demandará una inversión total de USD 1.807 M, y se dividirá en dos tramos: el primero irá desde Tratayén (Neuquén) a Salliqueló (Buenos Aires), por USD 1.145 M; y el segundo, de USD 662 M, llegará hasta San Jerónimo (Santa Fe). La intención oficial es que la primera etapa del ducto esté operativo antes del invierno de 2023.

Fuente: El Cronista 15 Oct 2021

  • China se está afirmando como la principal fuente de financiamiento de Argentina, con importantes en inversiones, desde en represas hidroeléctricas hasta trenes y centrales nucleares. Ha ayudado -a través de canjes de divisas- a respaldar al Banco Central argentino, que tiene agotadas sus reservas internacionales. Por otro lado, China se está consolidando como segundo socio comercial de Argentina, detrás de Brasil, tras haber multiplicado el comercio en general (exportaciones e importaciones) con Argentina en cinco veces desde 2003. En los primeros siete meses de 2021 el comercio bilateral alcanzó los USD 10.200 M. La mayoría de las transacciones se habría realizado en yuanes, la moneda china. Las importaciones de China de productos argentinos en ese período alcanzo a USD 3.350 M, siendo granos y carnes las más importantes.

Fuente: Mercorpess 16 Oct 2021

  • La megaempresa minera Zijin Mining Group, con sede en la provincia de Fujian, en el este de China, anunció que buscará adquirir -por USD 768 M- la canadiense Neo Lithium Corp, que posee en la provincia de Catamarca uno de los proyectos más grandes de litio, y de mayor grado de su tipo en el mundo. Antes de la oferta, Zijin se había dedicado principalmente a la exploración, extracción, fundición y venta de oro y otros minerales metálicos, excluido el litio.

Fuente: Global Times 01 Oct 2021

  • Contemporary Amperex Technology Ltd. (CATL), el principal fabricante de baterías para automóviles del país, que tiene una participación del 8% en Neo, anunció que compraría –por USD 377 M- Millennial Lithium, otra minera que opera en Argentina. El principal activo de Millennial es el proyecto de -salmuera de litio Pastos Grandes en la provincia de Salta.

Fuente: Global times 01 Oct 2021

  • Ganfeng Lithium de China, productor de compuestos de litio y metal de litio, llegó a un acuerdo para aumentar su participación en el proyecto de litio Mariana en la provincia de Salta al 100% mediante la compra -por USD 16.8 M- de la participación restante del 8,6% de Litio Minera Argentina SAen manos de International Lithium. La compañía anunció que esta transacción es para fortalecer su disposición en el litio upstream.
    • El Proyecto Mariana cuenta actualmente con 18 licencias de exploración y minería ubicadas en Salta, que cubren un área total de 32.436 hectáreas. En la actualidad, el proyecto tiene prevista una capacidad de producción anual de 20.000 toneladas de cloruro de litio en la Fase I.
    • China es el mayor consumidor mundial de litio, representando el 39% del consumo mundial ya en 2019. La dependencia de las importaciones de litio de China fue de casi el 80% en 2020, y su dependencia de Australia (con el que mantiene importantes conflictos políticos y económicos) fue de alrededor del 60%, según Huaxi Securities.

Fuentes: Global times 01 Oct 2021Asia Nikkei 13 Oct 2021Pandaily 21 Oct 2021

  • Finalmente, China habría quedado afuera de la construcción y administración de un Polo Logístico Antártico en Ushuaia, según Mercopress del 14/10/2021. Pocos días antes, el 11/10/2021, el Cronista Comercial informaba que hubo conversaciones entre el gobierno argentino con China (y Rusia) acerca del financiamiento de la obra, pero que no se dieron detalles al respecto. En tanto, se asegura que las conversaciones del gobierno nacional con China inquietan a Estados Unidos.
    • El proyecto, que requeriría una inversión inicial de USD 85 M, permitiría operar a buques de agua y combustible para abastecer a las distintas estaciones de la Antártida y estaría operativo en 2024. Actualmente hay un avance ilegítimo en la zona de Gran Bretaña desde Malvinas, mientras que Chile también avanza, desde Punta Arenas.

Sources: Mercopress 14 Oct 2021The Chronicler 11 Oct 2021


BRASIL

  • China busca mejorar la cooperación con Brasil en el marco del Proyecto Franja y Ruta de la Seda, promovido por el gobierno chino. Brasil, como la economía más grande de América Latina, tiene una base sólida y un gran potencial para la cooperación con China y, por lo tanto, tiene todas las condiciones para ser un actor importante en el BRI, aseguró el embajador chino en Brasil, Yang Wanming, en un seminario sobre “Belt and Road & Brasil”, que tiene como objetivo discutir una amplia gama de temas, como la tecnología 5G y nuevas inversiones y financiamiento en el marco de la BRI.

Source: People´s Daily Online 19 Oct 2021

  • China confirma su posición como principal socio comercial de Brasil, con un participación en el comercio general (exportaciones más importaciones) del país sudamericano cercana al 65%. En ella, la proporción de productos manufacturados brasileros enviados a China es mínima y las exportaciones dependen en gran medida de productos básicos concentrados sin prácticamente valor agregado, como granos, semillas oleaginosas, mineral de hierro y diferentes carnes.

Source: Mercopress 18 Oct 2021

  • China National Offshore Oil Company aumentará su participación en el campo Buzios del 5% al ​​10%, según un comunicado de Petrobras. Petrobras posee actualmente el 90% del campo Buzios, y el 10% restante se divide a partes iguales entre CNOOC y China National Petroleum Corp.

Source: S&P 15 Oct 2021


CUBA

  • China acepto oficialmente el ingreso de Cuba a la Iniciativa Franja y Ruta de la Seda, al permitirle ser miembro de la Energy Partnership of China Belt and Road, la alianza energética de la Franja y la Ruta, que fue inaugurada oficialmente en abril de 2019, y que ya cuenta con 29 países miembros. Tras el ingreso, Cuba anunció que aceptará la ayuda crediticia de China para mejorar su red eléctrica con un enfoque en las energías renovables.
    • Si bien las inversiones relacionadas con China y Cuba no son nuevas, esta medida específica se produce en medio de crecientes tensiones geopolíticas con Estados Unidos, que también está buscando comercializar su propia alternativa al BRI en América Latina, consolidando su relaciones con los estados pro Estados Unidos de la región: Panamá, Colombia y Ecuador. .

Sources: Telesur 18 Oct 2021RT 21 Oct 2021


CHILE

  • China anunció su interés en comenzar negociaciones con Chile sobre su adhesión al CPTPP, Acuerdo Integral y Progresista de Asociación Transpacífico (entre los países latinoamericanos necesita del respaldo de Chile, México, y Perú para adherirse al Acuerdo). China ha presentado recientemente en forma oficial una solicitud para unirse al CPTPP, un acuerdo comercial del que Chile es miembro.
    • Chile fue el primer país de América del Sur en establecer relaciones diplomáticas con la República Popular China (PRC) y uno de los primeros países en apoyar públicamente la restauración de la República Popular China en la ONU. China elogió recientemente a Chile, calificándolo como un importante socio en la región.

Source: CGTN 13 Oct 2021

  • El consejero de Estado y ministro de Relaciones Exteriores de China, Wang Yi, se reunió con el ministro de Relaciones Exteriores de Chile, Andrés Allamand, para sellar las relaciones bilaterales y la cooperación entre ambas naciones. Se comprometieron a continuar promoviendo la construcción conjunta de alta calidad en proyectos de la Franja y Ruta de la Seda, y promover la cooperación en los campos de economía, comercio, inversión, minería, energía limpia, ciencia y tecnología, entre otros. Planean profundizar la cooperación en la investigación y el desarrollo de vacunas, en la lucha contra COVID-19.

Source: People´s Daily Online 14 Oct 2021

  • Finalmente, pese haber mostrado gran interés, el gigante tecnológico chino Huawei no participará del proyecto “Puerta digital Asia-Sudamérica” promovido por Chile, conocido como el proyecto Humboldt, que tiene como objetivo conectar América del Sur con la región de Asia-Pacífico a través de una serie de cables submarinos transpacíficos de fibra óptica, comenzando en la ciudad costera chilena de Valparaíso. La inversión total del proyecto está estimada en USD 450 M, y comenzará en 2022.
    • La corporación NEC con sede en Japón finalmente fue seleccionada para emprender el proyecto Humboldt. No es descabellado considerar la presión del gobierno de Estados Unidos sobre Chile como una posible razón para la exclusión del gigante tecnológico chino, en el marco de la confrontación que ambas superpotencias llevan a cabo a nivel global. Esta presión para evitar algún compromiso con Huaweique ha sido acusada de espionaje y amenazar la seguridad nacional de otros países- ya ha sido evidente en otras partes del Pacífico.
    • Huawei, originalmente estaba muy interesada en el proyecto Humboldt. Su ruta sugerida habría conectado a Chile con la ciudad costera china de Shanghai, actuando como una puerta de entrada digital para los países de América del Sur en Asia-Pacífico.
    • En 2019 el presidente de Chile, Piñera, se había reunido con altos funcionarios de Huawei y los invitó abiertamente a invertir en la transformación digital del país, afirmando que quería “transformar Chile en un centro de negocios para empresas chinas” en Sudamérica. Posteriormente, Huawei abrió la primera nube pública en América Latina en la capital chilena, Santiago (inversión de unos USD 100 M), y anunció que construiría una segunda.

Fuente: The Diplomat 13 Oct 2021


URUGUAY

  • China estaría interesado en que el nuevo Puerto Capurro de Montevideo (nueva terminal pesquera uruguaya, con un muelle con capacidad de amarrar más de 50 buques industriales) se convierta en un muelle logístico chino para que su flota pueda operar en el Atlántico Sur. El grupo chino Shandong Baoma Fishery ya había estado interesado, desde hace décadas, en un puerto propio en América del Sur.
    • Pese a esta información, el Plan Maestro de la Autoridad Nacional de Puertos de Uruguay no hace mención alguna a una eventual aspiración portuaria por parte de China.

Source: Clarín 05 Oct 2021


VENEZUELA

  • China ofreció a Venezuela aportarle USD 3.000 M, dentro de los próximos 3 años, como asistencia para los países en vías de desarrollo en su lucha anti epidémica y su recuperación socioeconómica.
    • Según la Base de datos financiera China-América Latina, el mayor receptor de deuda proveniente de China en América latina ha sido Venezuela, con unos USD 62.000 M en préstamos (seguido de Brasil, Ecuador, Argentina y Bolivia).

Fuente: Ultimas Noticias Venezuela 03 Oct 2021


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Latin America

CHINA IN LATIN AMERICA (MAIN NEWS)

CHINA IN LATIN AMERICA (MAIN NEWS)

October, 2021

INTERREGIONAL

  • China’s project to expand the Belt and Road Initiative in Latin America will have competition from a project – called Build Back Better World, or B3W – launched in the region by the United States. The initiative was formally announced by G-7 leaders during the summit last June.

Sources: World Politics Review 05 Oct 2021Global Times 20 Oct 2021

  • A strategic network of ports controlled by China is advancing in Latin America. In Peru, the construction of the Port of Chancay, operated by the Chinese company Cosco, is progressing steadily, with an estimated investment of USD 3,000 M. In Brazil, there are Chinese operators interested in a new scheduled series of port privatizations. There is also a megaproject promoted by Asia Pacific Xuanhao that contemplates the reconstruction of the port of La Unión, related to a free trade zone to be created in the southeast of El Salvador, with access to Honduras and Nicaragua) (although the initiative would not be prospering, according to some newspapers).

Source: La Nación Oct 16 2021

  • Chinese state-controlled energy companies are increasing their operations in Colombia, Ecuador and Venezuela, especially in oil and coal.
    • In Venezuela, while the United States remains firm in the application of sanctions, the National Petroleum Corporation of China (CNPC) requested to PDVSA to boost production in five joint ventures that it has with the Venezuelan national oil company in the Orinoco Belt.
    • In Ecuador, China is actively expanding its influence mainly in the oil sector. In late 2020, Beijing signed a USD 1,400 M oil-backed loan with the Ecuadorian government. Chinese state-controlled oil producers occupy a prominent position in the upstream oil industry in Ecuador.
    • In Colombia, China is looking for larger amounts of thermal coal.

Source: Oil Price 05 Oct 2021


ARGENTINA

  • China is willing to sign a Memorandum of Understanding with Argentina as soon as possible to further promote the synergy of the two countries’ development strategies, according to Chinese Foreign Minister Wang Yi, who stated that the two sides should strengthen cooperation in investment and financing, energy and mining, and expand collaboration in new fields such as aerospace, communications, Antarctica and oceans.

Source: Global Times 31 Oct 2021

  • China is being evaluated by the Argentine government as an alternative to finance the construction of a new gas pipeline -called “President Néstor Kirchner”- that will leave from the province of Neuquén, in the vicinity of Vaca Muerta.
    • The project, which will be developed between 2022 and 2025, will require a total investment of USD 1,807 M, and will be divided into two sections: the first will go from Tratayén (province of Neuquén) to Salliqueló (province of Buenos Aires), for USD 1,145 M; and the second, for USD 662 M, will go to San Jerónimo (Santa Fe). The intention is for the first stage of the pipeline to be operational before winter 2023.

Source: El Cronista 15 Oct 2021

  • China is asserting itself as Argentina’s main source of financing, with significant investments, from hydroelectric dams to trains and nuclear power plants. It has helped – through currency swaps – to support the Argentine Central Bank, which has exhausted its international reserves. On the other hand, China is consolidating itself as Argentina’s second trading partner, behind Brazil, after having multiplied trade with Argentina five times since 2003. In the first 7 months of 2021, bilateral trade reached USD 10,200 M. Most of the transactions were made in yuan. China’s imports of Argentine products in that period reached USD 3,350 M, with grains and meats being the most important.

Source: Mercorpess 16 Oct 2021

  • The mega mining company Zijin Mining Group, based in the Fujian province, in eastern China, announced that it will seek to acquire – for USD 768 M – the Canadian Neo Lithium Corp, which owns a lithium project in the province of Catamarca.

Sources: Global Times 01 Oct 2021

  • Contemporary Amperex Technology Ltd. (CATL, a Chinese battery manufacturer and technology company that specializes in the manufacturing of lithium-ion batteries for electric vehicles and energy storage systems,), which has an 8% stake in Neo Lithium Corp, announced that it would buy – for USD 377 M – Millennial Lithium, another mining company operating in Argentina. Millennial’s main asset is the Pastos Grandes lithium-brine project in the province of Salta.

Sources: Global times 01 Oct 2021

  • Ganfeng Lithium de China, a producer of lithium and lithium metal compounds, reached an agreement to increase its stake in the Mariana lithium project in Salta province to 100% through the purchase – for USD 16,8 M – of the remaining stake 8.6% of Litio Minera Argentina SA held by International Lithium. The company announced that this transaction is to strengthen its disposition in upstream lithium.
    • The Mariana Project currently has 18 exploration and mining licenses located in Salta, covering a total area of ​​32,436 hectares. Currently, the project has an annual production capacity of 20,000 tons of lithium chloride in Phase I.
    • China is the world’s largest consumer of lithium, accounting for 39% of world consumption already in 2019. China’s dependence on lithium imports was almost 80% in 2020, and its dependence on Australia (with which it maintains significant political and economic conflicts) was around 60%, according to Huaxi Securities.

Sources: Global times 01 Oct 2021Asia Nikkei 13 Oct 2021Pandaily 21 Oct 2021

  • Finally, China would have been left out of the construction and administration of an Antarctic Logistics Pole in Ushuaia, according to Mercopress 10/14/2021. A few days before, on 10/11/2021, the Commercial Chronicler reported that there were negotiations between the Argentine government with China (and Russia) about the financing of the project, but that no details were given in this regard.
    • The project, which would require an initial investment of USD 85 M and would be operational in 2024, would allow vessels to operate to supply the different stations in Antarctica.

Sources: Mercopress 14 Oct 2021The Chronicler 11 Oct 2021


BRASIL

  • China seeks to improve cooperation with Brazil in the framework of the Belt and Road Project, promoted by the Chinese government. Brazil, as the largest economy in Latin America, has a solid foundation and great potential for cooperation with China and, therefore, has all the conditions to be an important player in the BRI, assured the Chinese ambassador to Brazil, Yang Wanming, in a seminar on “Belt and Road & Brazil”, which aims to discuss a wide range of topics, such as 5G technology and new investments and financing under the BRI.

Source: People´s Daily Online 19 Oct 2021

  • China confirms its position as the main trading partner of Brazil, with a participation in the general trade of the South American country close to 65%. In it, the proportion of Brazilian manufactured products sent to China is minimal and exports are highly dependent on concentrated commodities with virtually no added value, such as grains, oilseeds, iron ore and meats.

Source: Mercopress 18 Oct 2021

  • China National Offshore Oil Company will increase its stake in the Buzios field from 5% to 10%, according to a statement from Petrobras. Petrobras currently owns 90% of the Buzios field, and the remaining 10% is divided equally between CNOOC and China National Petroleum Corp.

Source: S&P 15 Oct 2021


CUBA

  • China officially accepted Cuba’s entry into the Belt and Road Initiative by allowing it to be a member of the Energy Partnership of China Belt and Road, the BRI energy alliance, which was officially inaugurated in April 2019, and which already has 29 member countries. After joining, Cuba announced that it will accept credit assistance from China to improve its electricity grid with a focus on renewable energy.
    • The measure comes amid growing geopolitical tensions with the United States, which is seeking to promote its own alternative to the BRI in Latin America, consolidating its relations with pro-United States states in the region: Panama, Colombia and Ecuador.

Sources: Telesur 18 Oct 2021RT 21 Oct 2021


CHILE

  • China announced its interest in starting negotiations with Chile on its adherence to the CPTPP, the Comprehensive and Progressive Agreement of Trans-Pacific Partnership. China has recently officially submitted an application to join the CPTPP, a trade agreement of which Chile is a member.
    • Chile was the first country in South America to establish diplomatic relations with the People’s Republic of China (PRC) and one of the first countries to publicly support the restoration of the People’s Republic of China at the UN. China recently praised Chile, calling it an important partner in the region.

Source: CGTN 13 Oct 2021

  • Chinese State Councilor and Foreign Minister Wang Yi met with Chilean Foreign Minister Andrés Allamand to seal bilateral relations and cooperation between the two nations. They pledged to continue promoting high-quality joint construction in Silk Road Belt and Road projects, and to promote cooperation in the fields of economy, trade, investment, mining, clean energy, science and technology, among others. They plan to deepen cooperation in vaccine research and development, in the fight against COVID-19.

Source: People´s Daily Online 14 Oct 2021

  • Finally, despite having shown great interest, the Chinese technology giant Huawei will not participate in the “Asia-South America digital gateway” project promoted by Chile, known as the Humboldt project, which aims to connect South America with the Asia-Pacific region through a series of transpacific fiber optic submarine cables, beginning in the Chilean coastal city of Valparaíso.
    • NEC Corporation (Japan) was finally selected to undertake the Humboldt project. It is not unreasonable to consider the pressure of the United States government on Chile as a possible reason for the exclusion of the Chinese technology giant, in the context of the confrontation that both superpowers are carrying out on a global level. This pressure to avoid compromise with Huawei – which has been accused of espionage and threatening the national security of other countries – has already been evident in other parts of the Pacific.
    • Huawei was originally very interested in the Humboldt project. Huawei had suggested a route that would have connected Chile with the Chinese coastal city of Shanghai, acting as a digital gateway for South American countries in Asia-Pacific.
    • In 2019, the president of Chile, Piñera, had met with senior Huawei officials and openly invited them to invest in the country’s digital transformation, stating that he wanted to “transform Chile into a business center for Chinese companies” in South America. Subsequently, Huawei opened the first public cloud in Latin America in the Chilean capital, Santiago (investment: USD 100 M), and had announced that it would build a second.

Source: The Diplomat 13 Oct 2021


URUGUAY

  • China is interested in the new Capurro Port of Montevideo (a new Uruguayan fishing terminal, with a dock capable of mooring more than 50 industrial vessels) to become a Chinese logistics dock so that its fleet can operate in the South Atlantic. The Chinese group Shandong Baoma Fishery had already been interested, for decades, in a port of its own in South America.
    • Despite this information, the Master Plan of the National Port Authority of Uruguay does not make any mention of a possible port aspiration by China.

Source: Clarín 05 Oct 2021


VENEZUELA

  • China offered Venezuela USD 3,000 M, within the next 3 years, as assistance to developing countries in their fight against epidemic and their socio-economic recovery.
    • According to the China-Latin America Financial Database, the largest recipient of debt from China in Latin America has been Venezuela, with USD 62,000 M in loans (followed by Brazil, Ecuador, Argentina and Bolivia).

Source: Latest News Venezuela 03 Oct 2021


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Categories
Latin America

China Is Desperate To Secure Latin American Oil And Coal | SOURCE: Oil Price

State-controlled Chinese energy companies and miners are boosting their regional presence investing heavily in a wide range of operations, notably in Colombia, Ecuador, and Venezuela. Fiscally weak governments, resource-rich terrain, and a deep economic malaise exacerbated by the COVID-19 pandemic have created the ideal opportunity for Beijing to build greater regional influence. Moreover, former President Trump’s decision to ignore Latin America coupled with Washington’s crumbling regional hegemony is amplifying China’s ability to expand its regional footprint and influence.

SOURCE: Oil Price


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Latin America

China’s Foreign Ministry Spokesperson Rejects US Abuse of Power in Destabilizing Venezuela | SOURCE: Albawaba

Beijing’s Foreign Ministry spokesperson Zhao Lijian accused the US government of bullying and abusing its political and judicial systems to destabilise the Venezuelan power structure. Venezuela remains China’s fourth largest oil importer and is also a public supporter of China’s Belt and Road Initiative. During the COVID-19 pandemic China sent Venezuela much needed assistance.

SOURCE: Albawaba


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Sin categoría

Mexico to host talks between Venezuela’s government and opposition | SOURCE: Morning Star

Mexico has agreed to host talks between the Venezuelan government and opposition. Venezuelan President Nicolas Maduro said talks with representatives of pretender Juan Guaido — the unelected former National Assembly leader whose self-appointment as president is recognised by the United States and some of its allies — would be “complex” but it was worth an effort to see if crippling US sanctions could be lifted.

SOURCE: Morning Star


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Iranian warships ‘heading to Venezuela’: US military officials | Source: The New Arab

The last delivery of Iranian oil to the US occurred in October 2020.

Two Iranian naval vessels are heading for Venezuela, according to US national security officials. The move would likely worsen relations between Iran and the US, amid an already tense political climate between the two powers.

Source: The New Arab


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WHAT IS HAPPENING IN GEOPOLITICS? (APRIL 2021)

ASIA PACIFIC:

  • The Chinese air force sent a fleet of aircraft close to Taiwan in the latest sign of military intimidation against the separately ruled island.

SOURCE: HINDUSTAN TIMES

  • South Korea and the United States signed a deal marking what some say is a return to a stronger U.S.-ROK alliance.

SOURCE: NK NEWS

  • Vietnam and China agreed to strengthen military cooperation.

SOURCE: CHINA ORG

  • China cautioned Australia to abide by its ‘One China’ policy after a senior Australian warned of a potential conflict over Taiwanese independence.

SOURCE: VOA NEWS

  • Australia will upgrade four military bases in its north and expand war games with the United States.

SOURCE: NEWS 18

  • Japan will hold a joint military drill with US and French troops in the country’s southwest. It comes as Tokyo seeks to deepen defense cooperation beyond its key US ally to counter Beijing’s growing assertiveness in the East and South China seas.

SOURCE: THE DEFENSE POST

  • Hong Kong’s electoral reform bill has been introduced in the city’s legislature, setting in motion changes that will give Beijing greater control over the process while reducing the number of directly elected representatives.

SOURCE: IRISH EXAMINER

  • The European Union is preparing to impose new collective sanctions on the Myanmar military targeting its business interests.

SOURCE: STRAIT TIMES

  • Russia and China are blocking efforts at the UN Security Council to impose an arms embargo to Myanmar.

SOURCE: HUNDUSTAN TIMES

  • Russia is increasing arms sales to Myanmar’s military and steadfastly standing by Myanmar’s coup leader, General Min Aung Hlaing.

SOURCE: VOA NEWS

  • The leaders of Singapore, Indonesia, Malaysia, Vietnam, Laos, Cambodia, and Brunei met in Jakarta to discuss the political crisis in Myanmar.

SOURCE: THE DIPLOMAT


EURASIA:

  • Japan held consultations with the European Union on security following joint naval exercises in the Gulf of Aden and in the Arabian Sea, as well as a joint port call on Djibouti. They aim to extend their cooperation to other partners in the Indo-Pacific region.

SOURCE: EEAS

  • Russian Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov stressed that he was against the idea of establishing NATO alliances in the Middle East and Asia, commenting on recent calls for establishing similar bodies in both regions.

SOURCE: MIDDLE EAST MONITOR


SOUTH ASIA:

  • President Biden will withdraw all American troops from Afghanistan over the coming months, completing the military exit by the 20th anniversary of the Sept. 11, 2001.

SOURCE: WASHINGTON POST

  • India is concerned about a vacuum developing in Afghanistan following the proposed withdrawal of United States from the country. India’s big worry is that instability could spill over into its Muslim-majority territory of Kashmir.

SOURCE: REUTERS

  • Afghan and Pakistani troops opened fire at each other at a crossing point in Spin Boldak district of Kandahar province in the south.

SOURCE: AFGHANISTAN TIMES

  • A car bomb blast ripped through a luxury hotel’s parking area in the southwestern Pakistani city of Quetta, where China’s ambassador to Pakistan was staying. Chinese nationals and their interests in the region have been attacked before by Taliban militants.

SOURCE: REUTERS

  • Russia – which is helping to construct a gas pipeline between Pakistan’s port city of Karachi and eastern Lahore- will provide unspecified military equipment to Pakistan to fight terrorism.

SOURCE: RFE/RL ORG

  • India held a new round of talks with China to iron out differences over the next phase of disengagement in Eastern Ladakh.

SOURCE: THE DAILY STAR

  • India protested to the United States for a navy vessel conducting a transit through its exclusive economic zone (EEZ) without consent, in a rare row between the friendly navies of the two countries.

SOURCE: REUTERS


MIDDLE EAST:

  • Iran’s foreign ministry has said the country is open to direct talks with Saudi Arabia. The two countries have not had formal diplomatic ties since January 2016.

SOURCE: AL JAZEERA

  • Iran began enriching uranium to its highest level ever to pressure talks in Vienna aimed at restoring its nuclear deal with world powers.

SOURCE: AP NEWS

  • Iran has blamed regional arch-foe Israel for a sabotage incident at its key Natanz nuclear site and threatened to exact revenge, in what appeared to be latest episode in a long-running covert war.

SOURCE: THE ARAB WEEKLY

  • U.S. Secretary of Defense will meet with Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu. The visit will ‘reaffirm the enduring U.S. commitment to the U.S.-Israel strategic partnership.

SOURCE: HAARETZ

  • The US and Iraq reiterated their mutual intention to continue bilateral security cooperation.

SOURCE: ASHARK AL-AWSAT


EUROPE:

  • Russia ordered a total of seven diplomats from three Baltic nations and Slovakia to leave in a quid pro quo response to the countries’ expulsion of Russian Embassy workers.

SOURCE: AP NEWS

  • Russian troops began pulling back to their permanent bases after a massive buildup that caused Ukrainian and Western concerns.

SOURCE: AP NEWS

  • The United States imposed a broad array of sanctions on Russia to punish it for bullying Ukraine (and interfering in last year’s U.S. election, cyber hacking, and other alleged malign actions).

SOURCES: REUTERS – YENISAFAK

  • US Secretary of State Antony Blinken has threatened Turkey a gainst any more purchases of Russian weapons.

SOURCE: SPUTNIK

  • Greek and Turkish Cypriots have not found enough common ground in order to restart peace negotiations on a formal level after a three-day summit.

SOURCE: RT


AFRICA:

  • US Secretary of State Antony Blinken has pressed for an easing of tensions between Sudan and Ethiopia as fears grow of a spillover from the bloody Tigray conflict.

SOURCE: THE ARAB WEEKLY


LATIN AMERICA:

  • Venezuela announced that it is to deploy more troops to the border with Colombia, which has seen heavy clashes between the army and Colombian irregular armed groups.

SOURCE: MEHR NEWS


brian

 

 By Bernardo Foster/

 International Relations Analyst


To read daily news on geopolitics and geoeconomics you can follow us on Twitter or Facebook


Categories
Sin categoría

WHAT IS HAPPENING IN GEOECONOMICS? (APRIL 2021)

ASIA PACIFIC:

  • China is trying to reshape its pharmaceutical industry and take on an unprecedented role as a major vaccine supplier to the rest of the world in light of the ongoing Covid-19 pandemic.

SOURCE: SOUTH CHINA MORNING POST

  • Australia has cancelled two deals struck by its state of Victoria with China on cooperation with Beijing’s flagship Belt and Road Initiative. China has imposed before a series of trade sanctions on Australian exports ranging from wine to coal.

SOURCE: REUTERS

  • China’s top economic planner has warned that the impact of Covid-19 and increased political risks in countries taking part in the Belt and Road Initiative are among the main challenges the multibillion-dollar project faces in the next five years.

SOURCE: SOUTH CHINA MORNING POST

  • US sanctions Chinese computer makers as tech war heats up. The measure is the latest sign President Joe Biden is sticking to the tough line taken by his predecessor, Donald Trump, toward Chinese tech industries seen by Washington as potential threats.

SOURCE: TRT

  • Taiwan says its chip firms will adhere to new U.S. rules blacklisting China supercomputing entities.

SOURCE: REUTERS

  • China’s Huawei sales downed 16.5% amid US sanctions.

SOURCE: AP NEWS

  • The United States imposed sanctions against Myanmar’s state-owned timber and pearl industries as the Biden administration seeks to cut key financial resources to the military junta as it violently cracks down on protesters opposing its February coup.

SOURCE: UPI


SOUTHERN ASIA:

  • India will begin full-scale operations in its first foreign port venture at Iran’s Chabahar. It represents a potent commercial challenge to China’s massive port investment in neighboring Pakistan’s Gwadar, a key component of the BRI.

SOURCE: TEHRAN TIMES

  • China is planning a mega dam in Tibet stoking fears in neighbouring India that in reactions has floated the prospect of building another dam on the Brahmaputra.

SOURCE: TIMES OF INDIA

  • President Joe Biden met growing calls in India to provide aid regarding Covid-19. Nevertheless, the U.S. action was seen as coming too late for an administration that has sought to elevate its security partnership with India against China.

SOURCE: BNN BLOOMBERG

  • India has emerged as the top buyer of US crude in the first quarter of calendar year 2021, after Saudi Arabia staved off India’s request to boost production to cool prices.

SOURCE: THE HINDU BISINESS LINE

  • India is expecting to restart EU-India talks on trade and investment, to improve relations to end dependence on China.

SOURCE: EURACTIV

  • Pakistan would sign with Iran a Memorandum of Understanding on trade development and opening more cross-border trade centers, as a major step in strengthening bilateral relations.

SOURCE: IRNA

  • Russia is going to supply LNG to Pakistan, as part of its plan to deep bilateral ties, including in energy and trade.

SOURCE: RT


MIDDLE EAST:

  • Russian Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov is due to pay a visit to Iran to sign an action plan for economic cooperation.

SOURCE: IRNA


EUROPE:

  • EU lawmakers had voted in favor of the agreement with Britain on post-Brexit trade arrangements.

SOURCE: THE EPOCH TIMES

  • The White House is in talks to appoint a special envoy to lead negotiations on halting the construction of Russia-to-Germany gas pipeline Nord Stream 2, as Washington looks for ways to hinder completion of the pipe set to deliver Russian gas to Europe bypassing Ukraine.

SOURCE: UNIAN

  • German Foreign Minister opposed to new sanctions on Russia, which has been the willing participant in the Nord Stream 2 gas pipeline project. 

SOURCE: ITELLINEWS

  • A Hungarian oil and gas firm is about to give Russia a chance to bypass the Ukrainian gas transit and encircle the Central and Eastern European gas market.

SOURCE: VISEGRADINSIGHT EU


AFRICA:

  • Russia is using vaccine diplomacy in the Maghreb and North Africa to stand out as a serious partner to the countries of the region.

SOURCE: AL MONITOR

  • French energy company Total halted operations on its $20 billion investment in a liquefied natural gas project in northern Mozambique after ISIS attacks and repeated rebel insurgency.

SOURCE: THE NATIONAL NEWS


LATIN AMERICA:

  • China bought three-quarters of all Venezuelan oil exports despite buying oil from Venezuela is prohibited by the U.S. Treasury Department.

SOURCE: NATIONAL REVIEW


brian

 

 By Bernardo Foster/

 International Relations Analyst


To read daily news on geopolitics and geoeconomics you can follow us on Twitter or Facebook


Categories
Geopolitics

SOUTH AMERICA

VENEZUELA:

  • Venezuela announced that it is to deploy more troops to the border with Colombia, which has seen heavy clashes between the army and Colombian irregular armed groups. The Venezuelan opposition has asked the UN to send a mission to the border and the request has also been extended to other international institutions.

SOURCE: MEHR NEWS


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SOUTH AMERICA

VENEZUELA:

  • In February China bought three-quarters of all Venezuelan oil exports despite buying oil from Venezuela is prohibited by the U.S. Treasury Department. China’s misbehavior compromises U.S. efforts to make a democratic transition in Venezuela.

SOURCE: NATIONAL REVIEW


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